The cult of Serapis was rooted in the Ancient Egyptian belief in the Divine father, Osiris (Ausar). Serapis was derived from the combination of two well-known Egyptian gods, Osiris and Apis (Osiris+Apis = Osirapis or Serapis). Technically, the cult of Osiris and Apis predated the Ptolemies (i.e., the Greek dynasty of ancient Egypt – 323-30 BC). But it was the Ptolemaic rulers who fused the two gods into one.
That is, before the creation of Serapis by the Ptolemaic dynasty (the Greeks) of Ancient Egypt, Osiris was the mythological god of the Nile valley who presided over the throne of judgment – The Pharaohs were regarded as the vicar of Osiris on earth. The Ptolemaic rulers, however, changed this traditional arrangement by creating a new god, Serapis, in the exact likeness of the father, Osiris. The only difference was that the Ptolemaic rulers elevated themselves to the status of god/Serapis, and demanded to be worshipped as such – a clear violation of the traditional arrangement in which man, regardless of status, can only be the vicar of god on earth, but not god himself. The traditional thought process was that god could only have one nature, which is divine, not human.
The Coptic community of Egypt (mostly Hellenized Africans) rejected the Ptolemaic ruler’s stance on being one and the same with the newly created father, Serapis. They refused to worship the Ptolemaic rulers as gods. The Ptolemy rulers responded by closing down all the ancient temples of Egypt and in some cases killing and exiling the African priests who opposed them.
The Romans took over the rule of Ancient Egypt from the Greeks (the Ptolemaic rulers) after the Greeks had ruled for nearly 300 years. And it was the Romans, more specifically Emperor Constantinewho Christianized Serapis, and made Serapis a creature with dual nature (human and divine). The Coptic Egyptians (Africans) and a handful of Turks and Arabs (hybrid of Turks, Greeks and Africans) in North and North East Africa (now Middle East) rejected the dual nature of Serapis just like their previous ancestors. They maintained that Serapis the father could only have one nature which was divine, not human.
All in all, Constantine was successful in making Serapis the Christ (I.e. Iesus Christos) – a creature with dual nature (human and divine). Constantine legacy divided the Roman Empire into two philosophical camps: the Eastern camp (North Africa, Middle East and Asia) and the Western camp (Western and Central Europe) – See the Crusade. The Eastern camp believed that the created Serapis only had one divine nature like the original father, Osiris, and refused to worship Serapis as the Christ with dual nature. However, the western camp accepted Serapis as the Christ, having dual nature – see theNicaea council I&II.
Today, the Western camp are the Christians (Dyophysites) and the Eastern camp are the Muslims (Monophysites) – see In other words, Muslims are Monophysite Christians. And Christians are worshippers of Serapis, now called Christ – who our ancestors refused to worship. But we in our ignorance continue to worship a creature dissimilar from the father, a creature nonetheless(Arius – see Arianism), and we continue to suffer in the world because of our ignorance. Wake up!
“The Black Athena” vol.I&II – Martin Bernal****
“Holy Blood Holy Grail” – Richard Leigh et al
“The historical Origin of Islam” – Walter Williams *****
“Christianity before Christ” – John G. Jackson
“The World’s Sixteen Crucified Saviors” – Kersey Graves